Last year’s Global Terrorism Index found that deaths from terrorism fell for the fourth consecutive year, after peaking in 2014. Out of the countries that experienced the largest decreases in deaths from terrorism between 2017 to 2018, Iraq and Somalia had experienced the largest falls. The decline was mainly due to less activity from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and Al-Shabaab respectively.
The fall in deaths in Iraq is particularly noticeable given its recent history. Since the peak of violence in 2014, deaths from terrorism in Iraq have fallen by just over 90 per cent. The decrease in the impact of terrorism from 2017 to 2018 can be attributed to the near total defeat of ISIL in Iraq, which decreased the level internal conflict and resulted in a rise in political stability. Notably, Iraq recorded one of the biggest improvements in peacefulness on the 2019 Global Peace Index, although in 2019 it remains one of the five least peaceful countries in the world.