People living in less peaceful countries are more optimistic about the future, according to the concluding report from the UN75 Office.
Based on data analysis by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), the finding forms part of a summary of global opinions and ideas on how to shape the future of the United Nations (UN) and address global challenges.
IEP and the UN75 Office collaborated closely on the report, in which IEP’s peace data expertise has provided key insights including the finding that women are less optimistic about the future than men across all levels of conflict, and that reducing conflict is a key among people in countries classified as both ‘very high peace’ and ‘very low peace.’
According to IEP’s analysis, the report also found that the majority of respondents living in conflict and non-conflict situations alike believed that international cooperation is essential or very important for addressing future challenges.
The report included other important findings based on extensive surveys and consultation undertaken by the UN75 Office. Respondents in all regions identified climate change and environmental issues as the number one long-term global challenge. Other immediate short-term priorities for respondents during a year marked by a pandemic are universal access to healthcare and basic services. In a finding that reflects a basic lack of handwashing facilities in many countries, another top priority included access to safe water and sanitation.
To mark the UN’s 75th Anniversary in 2020, the international body launched the “world’s biggest conversation” on the future, threats to that future and how they can be overcome by working together across borders, sectors and generations. More than 1.5 million people in 195 countries contributed to the surveys that formed part of the UN75 initiative.
IEP is the world’s leading think tank dedicated to developing metrics to analyse peace and to quantify its economic value. It does this by developing global and national indices, calculating the economic cost of violence, analysing country level risk and understanding Positive Peace.