– According to the Mexico Peace Index (MPI) for 2020, the level of peace in the country deteriorated 4.3 per cent in 2019, costing $238 billion, in the fourth year of successive deteriorations.
– The deterioration was driven by substantial increases in criminal activity, with the rate of organized crime rising by 24.3 percent. Consequently, 23 of the 32 states deteriorated in peacefulness, while only nine improved. However, the rate of increase in homicide slowed significantly compared to the prior year, increasing by only 1.4 percent.
– Mexico reports the lowest level of domestic security and justice spending of all of the 33 countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, at 0.7 percent of GDP.
– Consequently, Mexico has found it difficult to build sufficient capacity in its judicial system to meet the country’s needs. To effectively address violence, Mexico must improve and increase its spending on the criminal justice system.
– In 2019 Mexico’s peacefulness deteriorated by 4.3%, marking the fourth successive year of deteriorations. This was largely driven by a 24.3 percent increase in the organized crime rate.
– The homicide rate increased by 1.4 percent in 2019, which is a much slower rise than the previous year’s increase of 15.7 percent.
– The national violent crime rate increased 4.7 percent in 2019, driven mainly by an 18.3 percent rise in the rate of sexual assault.
– For the second consecutive year, Baja California is the least peaceful state in Mexico, followed by Colima, Quintana Roo, Chihuahua and Guanajuato.
– Yucatán remains the most peaceful state, followed by Tlaxcala, Chiapas, Campeche and Nayarit.
– Nine of the 32 states improved in peacefulness in 2019, while 23 states deteriorated.
– Morelos recorded the largest deterioration in overall score, driven by a 193 percent increase in its organized crime rate.
– Mexico’s peacefulness has declined by 27.2 percent over the last five years.
– The homicide rate increased 86 percent from 2015 to 2019, rising from 15 deaths per 100,000 people in 2015 to 28 in 2019.
– Only seven states have recorded improvements in their homicide rates since 2015. Baja California Sur achieved the largest improvement, reducing its homicide rate by more than half to stand at 10.3 deaths per 100,000 people.
– The violent crime rate increased by 39.8 percent from 2015 to 2019, with rates of sexual assault rising 60 percent over that period.
– Gun violence is also on the rise, with the national firearms crime rate more than doubling, from 13.6 per 100,000 people in 2015, to 29.6 in 2019.
– The organized crime rate has increased by 46.2 percent since 2015. The greatest deterioration occurred for the rate of retail drug crimes, which increased by 75.4 percent.
– Colima recorded the largest deterioration in peacefulness over the last five years, followed by Baja California, Guanajuato, Chihuahua and Quintana Roo.
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