The UK Peace Index (UKPI) gauged peace according to the levels of violent crime, homicide, public disorder, weapons crime and the number of police.
The most peaceful local area on the UKPI is Broadland, followed by Three Rivers and South Cambridgeshire. The least peaceful local areas are all in London, they are Lewisham, Lambeth and Hackney. London tells a unique story.
Almost every London borough is more peaceful than it was a decade ago, however it remains the least peaceful region in the UK. London is relatively peaceful in comparison to other major cities worldwide.
– The UK has become more peaceful since 2003. 343 Local Authorities have been assessed in the index, of those 278 are more peaceful now than they were in 2003.
– Both crime and homicide have fallen significantly. The fall over the last decade has resulted in the UK homicide rate now being roughly equivalent to that of the Western European average, and it is now at its lowest level since 1978. However, the UK violent crime rate is significantly higher than the European Union average.
– Despite the global financial crisis, violence has continued to decline in both the UK and Europe even during the on-going recession. In the UK, the only major offence category to substantially increase over the ten year period was drug offences. All other categories of crime, including burglary and fraud, have fallen.
– The most peaceful region in the UK is South East England. The least peaceful region is Greater London immediately preceded by Scotland and Northern Ireland.
– The least peaceful major urban centre in the UK is Glasgow, preceded by London and then Belfast.
– When measured at the Local Authority level the most peaceful areas are Broadland, Three Rivers, and South Cambridgeshire.
– The least peaceful are the London boroughs of Lewisham, Lambeth, and Hackney.
– The total economic effect of violence to the UK economy was £124 billion in 2012. This is composed of both direct and indirect costs and is equivalent to £4,700 per household or 7.7% of GDP. The total economic effect that would result from a 9% reduction in violence is equivalent to the total cost of the London Olympics.
– A 25% reduction in violence would have an economic effect equivalent to the total cost required to build the Birmingham Motorway, the Forth Replacement Bridge in Edinburgh and the London Crossrail. A 50% reduction could pay-off the debt owing on all hospitals built in the UK over the past 13 years. The amount owed by all 72 clubs in the English Football League is equivalent to less than 1% of the economic impact of violence
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