The Mexico Peace Index (MPI) provides a comprehensive measure of peacefulness in Mexico, including trends, analysis and estimates of the economic impact of violence on the country. The MPI is based on the Global Peace Index, the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness, produced by Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) every year since 2007.
The 2018 Mexico Peace Index reports that four of the top five most peaceful states in Mexico continued to improve their levels of peace. All five most peaceful states have shown an improvement in at least one key area due to conscious reforms.
This improvement in levels of peace has been boosted by a significant reduction in detention without a sentence in 2017. Chiapas had about 500 less prisoners in 2017 than in 2016, which is a reduction of 21%.
Coahuila has moved down one ranking in the 2018 Mexico Peace Index.
Still, Coahuila has made improvements in the amount of citizens in detention without sentence. The improvement of 8% from 2016 to 2017 suggests the justice system reforms are progressing.
Campeche rose two places in 2017 to be the third most peaceful state in this year’s index. The peacefulness of Campeche is attributable to its 18% decline in its homicide rate, a 12% fall in violent crime, and a 9% reduction in crimes committed with a firearm.
Campeche does not have the prison overpopulation problem seen in much of Mexico, with its prisons only at 78% capacity.
Tlaxcala has moved up from third to second rank in the most recent index.
In fact, Tlaxcala has maintained consistently low rates of crime and violence for the last three years. This state had the fourth lowest weapons crime rate and the third lowest rate of organised crime related offences in 2017.
Yucatán, for the second year in a row, has maintained the most peaceful state in Mexico.
In addition to having the lowest homicide rate and the third lowest violent crime rate, the state recorded a 23% decrease in the combined rate of robbery, assault, and sexual assault in the last year. Further, Yucatán’s extortion rate has halved since 2015.