Overview of the Nigeria Conflict
Nigeria continues to face challenges on both Safety and Security and Ongoing Conflict domains on the Global Peace Index. The conflict between government forces and Boko Haram in the northeast led to an estimated 640 civilians killed in 2019.
In addition, Nigeria’s problems with cross-border smuggling and imports undercutting local producers have led the government to shut down its borders, causing Nigeria’s relationship with neighbouring countries to deteriorate.
Over the last year, the country has recorded further deteriorations in Militarisation and Ongoing Conflict and an overall deterioration in peacefulness of 0.8 per cent.
Nigeria on the 2020 Global Peace Index
GPI ranking: 147 out of 167 countries on the 2020 Global Peace Index
GTI ranking: 3 out of 167 countries on the 2020 Global Terrorism Index
Nigeria accounted for the largest number of demonstrations and the largest increase. In 2018, the number of demonstrations rose from six to 79 in a single year.
Perhaps the most prominent issue was the imprisonment of Sheikh Ibrahim El-Zakzaky in 2015. Ibrahim El-Zakzaky is the leader of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria. Supporters of the IMN protested repeatedly throughout the year to call for Zakzaky’s release.