The case for better data in order to track and measure progress toward achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal 5 (SDG 5).
The Institute for Economics & Peace has been measuring peacefulness, along with its drivers, for over 10 years. Analysis has consistently shown that the most peaceful communities and countries demonstrate strength and progress across a broad set of factors.
These factors have been captured and defined in IEP’s Positive Peace framework, which display a broad consistency in line with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.
Positive Peace defines the attitudes, structures and institutions that underpin and sustain peaceful societies. The principles captured in both SDG 5 and Goal 16 relating to gender equality are all present within the Positive Peace framework.
At present the majority of gender specific data is scarce, and therefore collection of high-quality data that disaggregates men, women, boys and girls is important for monitoring progress toward both SDG 5, SDG 16 and all other Sustainable Development Goals.
It is important to be able to build an accurate picture of progress toward achieving both SDG 5 and SDG 16. Data that groups genders and ages together not only restricts the measurement of progress, but can also limit the effectiveness of solutions tailored to create and sustain peace.
For example, a lack of disaggregated data can make policy responses to gender inequality more difficult to craft. Using crime as an example, a framework that would keep women safe in public spaces would be different from a framework that prevents violence arising from organised crime.
Crime statistics that group men and women together, without including information on the victim/perpetrator relationship, also risk an ineffective policy response.
Policy or institutional responses tailored to the motives of the act, through the use of effective data collection, can help to optimise their effectiveness.
Using another example, frameworks that promote high human capital in women and girls may not be as effective when applied to men and boys in a different context.
It is important to develop a clear understanding of the different experiences of men, women, boys and girls through the use of high-quality, disaggregated data.
Data that is accurately reflective of gendered experiences can assist in the creation of evidence-based policies that help promote the institutions, attitudes and structures that sustain peace.
In addition to this, accurate data can inform the ‘strong institutions’ identified by SDG 16 and its indicators, which in turn help to promote justice and peace.