Natural disasters lead to losses of human life, destruction of private property and public infrastructure and hinder future development, especially in underdeveloped regions of the world. Changes in weather patterns around the world have led to a rise in the number of floods and more frequent and longer droughts.
This graph shows the countries where natural disasters pose the single greatest risk in the coming decades and that flooding is the most common ecological threat affecting 60 per cent of countries. Water stress is the next most common threat, which is projected to have significant impacts in 43 per cent of countries globally by 2050.
The Ecological Threat Register (ETR) looked the likelihood of exposure to or vulnerability to the impacts of natural disasters in individual countries. Sea level rise and coastal erosion can pose serious risks to the people living in the coastal areas particularly those in low-lying coastal areas in China, Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand over the next three decades. Recent estimates from Climate Central, an independent climate research organisation, projects a rise in sea levels of up to 2.1-metres by 2100, which could potentially permanently affect land that is currently home to 200 million people around the world.