International trade is highly dependent on improvements in domestic Positive Peace conditions.

The real exports of Positive Peace Index (PPI) improvers outgrew global averages by 28% between 2010 and 2019. This outperformance could reflect improved domestic productivity, as well as an increase in the quality and sophistication of local products for external consumption.

Both factors are related to the standard of workers’ education and qualifications, as well as good governance producing quality infrastructure – rail lines, dry and sea ports, energy networks, telecommunication assets – to facilitate trade. Real imports by PPI improvers outgrew global averages by 30%.

This reflects strong internal demand for goods and services, which results from improvements in Positive Peace such as more equal income distributions, reductions in poverty, education and qualification of workers, as well as less wastage and uncertainty from corruption.





Vision Of Humanity

Editorial Staff

Vision Of Humanity

Vision of Humanity is brought to you by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), by staff in our global offices in Sydney, New York, The Hague, Harare and Mexico. Alongside maps and global indices, we present fresh perspectives on current affairs reflecting our editorial philosophy.