According to the latest 2020 Global Terrorism Index (GTI), the impact of terrorism lessened in seven of the nine regions of the world in 2019, in line with the global trend, which saw a decline in terror-related deaths and incidents.
This chart shows the total number of deaths and attacks for all regions from 2002 to 2019. Between 2002 and 2019, the largest number of deaths from terrorism was recorded in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, at more than 96,000 deaths. South Asia recorded roughly 74,000 deaths over the same period, with another 50,000 occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. MENA, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa also had the most lethal terrorist attacks, averaging 2.6, two and four people killed per attack respectively. Conversely, in Asia-Pacific, Europe, South America and North America, there were more terrorist attacks than total deaths from terrorism.
Although the MENA region has had the highest number of deaths from terrorism since 2002, the region has recorded a substantial decline in the past three years. Deaths in MENA have fallen by 87 per cent since 2016, reaching the lowest level since 2003. As a result, the largest improvement occurred in MENA for the second consecutive year.
More recently, terrorist activity has been concentrated in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa with both regions recording more terrorism deaths than MENA in 2018 and 2019. Collectively, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa accounted for over 80 per cent of terrorism deaths in 2019.