Which parts of the world are most affected by terrorism?
The impact of terrorism lessened in seven of the nine world regions in 2018, in line with the global trend, which recorded a significant drop in both deaths from terrorism and terrorist attacks.
The largest improvement occurred in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA), while South America had the largest deterioration, followed by Central America and the Caribbean.
South Asia has had the highest regional score on the Global Terrorism Index for the past 16 years. Conversely, Central America and the Caribbean recorded the lowest score for the past sixteen years. A total of 212 deaths from terrorism have been recorded in Central America and the Caribbean since 2002, with 28 deaths occurring in 2018.
Between 2002 and 2018, South Asia, MENA and sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 93 per cent of all deaths from terrorism. The largest number was recorded in MENA, at more than 93,700 fatalities. South Asia recorded roughly 67,500 over the same period, with a further 45,000 occurring in sub-Saharan Africa.
MENA, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa also had the most lethal terrorist attacks, averaging 2.67, 1.95 and 4.11 people killed per attack respectively. Conversely, in Asia-Pacific, Europe, South America, and North America, there were more terrorist attacks than total deaths from terrorism.