What difference does Positive Peace make during a catastrophe?
Positive Peace can be used as the basis for empirically measuring a country’s resilience to shocks, including intense weather events, as well as its ability to adapt in the long-term.
This chart shows the frequency of natural disasters and fatalities by level of Positive Peace, showing that these types of shocks occur roughly as often across the different groups of countries.
Despite a similar number of events in countries at lower levels of Positive Peace, there are far more fatalities as a result of natural disasters.
Countries with weak Positive Peace have a fatality ratio of 13:1 compared to high Positive Peace environments, while the frequency of natural disasters is much closer at 6:5.
Countries with high levels of Positive Peace have stronger institutions, via well-functioning governments, sound business environments, equitable distribution of resources, high levels of human capital and good relations with neighbours, which all influence their ability to respond to stresses induced by climate.