The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) ranks 158 countries worldwide according to the impact of terrorism.
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2012 key findings
Download the media release (English)
- From 2002 to 2011, North America was the region least likely to suffer from terrorism
- While more terrorist attacks are being recorded, the number of fatalities has declined by 25% since 2007.
- Only 31 out of 158 countries ranked have not experienced a terrorist attack since 2002
- Most terrorist attacks occur in the context of a wider conflict situation
- Since the start of the Iraq invasion the number of terrorist incidents occurring each year has increased fourfold, globally
- In 2011 Iraq was the country that was most impacted by terrorism, followed by Pakistan and Afghanistan
“I welcome the launch of the Global Terrorism Index. It promises to be a useful tool for policy makers in their efforts to track and tackle terrorism.”
Khalid Mahmood, Chair of the UK-All Party Parliamentary Group on Tackling Terrorism, UK
Released December 04, 2012
The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is the first index to systematically rank and compare 158 countries according to the impact of terrorism. Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace, the GTI maps and analyses trends in terrorism over the last 10 years. The index is based on data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) from the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland.
The GTI uses four indicators to measure the impact of terrorism: the number of terrorist incidents, the number of deaths, the number of casualties and the level of property damage. These indicators are used to create a weighted five year average for each country, which takes into account the lasting effects of terrorism.
The score given to each country therefore indicates the impact of a terrorist attack on a society in terms of the fear and subsequent security response. For more on the methodology, download the GTI report and skip to page 9.