The world has become slightly less peaceful over the last eight years, deteriorating by 2.4 per cent. However, this decrease in peacefulness has not been evenly spread, with 76 countries improving while 86 deteriorated. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has suffered the largest decline of any region in the world, deteriorating 11 per cent in eight years.
This decrease in peacefulness reverses a long-term trend dating back to the Second World War which had seen steady increases in peace, especially after the end of the Cold War. Conflict and war, particularly colonial and interstate conflicts, have decreased consistently, as has the number of people killed in armed conflicts.
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