Political Instability

Political Instability is one of the 23 indicators of peace measured by the Global Peace Index. It is an 'internal' indicator of peace, meaning it measures peace within a country.


Political Instability is a qualitative assessment of political instability in a country, forming a response to the question: “Are political institutions sufficiently stable to support the needs of businesses and investors?” This is derived from five sub-indicators, measuring the likelihood of social unrest, the strength of constitutional mechanisms, accountability, international disputes and the likelihood of an antagonistic opposition.


Political Instability is scored on a scale from 1 (most stable) to 5 (most unstable).

In countries that score 1, on average, each of the five sub-indicators is lower (i.e. better) than 5 out of 20.

In countries that score 5, on average, each of the five sub-indicators is higher (i.e. worse) than 15 out of 20.


Political Instability is a qualitative assessment from the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Country Analysis team.

Other Global Peace Index Indicators

The Global Peace Index is comprised of 23 indicators that measure the existence or absence of violence or the fear of violence. These include:

Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict

External Conflicts Fought

Internal Conflicts Fought

Deaths from External Conflict

Deaths from Internal Conflict

Intensity of Internal Conflict

Neighbouring Countries Relations

Societal safety and security

Perceptions of Criminality

Displaced People

Political Instability

Political Terror

Terrorism Impact


Violent Crime

Violent Demonstrations


Security Officers and Police


Military Expenditure

Armed Services Personnel

Weapons Imports

Weapons Exports

UN Peacekeeping Funding

Nuclear and Heavy Weapons

Access to Weapons

Global Peace Index methdology 

Find out more about how the Global Peace Index is constructed, what it measures and what the results show in the Global Peace Index Report

Related Articles

Global Peace Index Methodology

The Global Peace Index measures the state of peace in 162 countries according to 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators of peace. Find out more about how the index is constructed, a description of the indicators and the scores.

Media Pack GPI 2014

The Global Peace Index media pack includes multilingual media release, infographics, images, videos and more.

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