The 2015 Global Peace Index shows that whilst external peace improved for the region, internal peace deteriorated. Overall, the scores of most countries in the region worsened, with just Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh registering gains.
Afghanistan’s peace decreased slightly throughout the year. The number of deaths from internal conflict in the country rose after the withdrawal of most international forces from Afghanistan. This was coupled with increases in the levels of political terror. The uncertainty stemming from the shift in responsibility for security from foreign troops to Afghan forces means that the chances of sustained internal conflict remain high.
Pakistan remains second from the bottom in the region. The country’s dire domestic security situation continues to be hampered by the presence of Islamist militant groups. Even though the number of deaths from internal conflict did not significantly increase over the past twelve months, Pakistan suffered a handful of high-profile incidents—most notably the separate attacks on Jinnah International Airport and an army-run school in Peshawar.
India also recorded a number of casualties from internal conflict rise, with Maoist insurgency still rife. The decrease in India’s score is tempered, however, by improved political stability.
The 2015 Global Peace Index shows that the world is becoming increasingly divided with some countries enjoying unprecedented levels of peace and prosperity while others spiral further into violence and conflict.
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