Expert Opinions

The 2015 Mexico Peace Index Report provides a comprehensive assessment of the state of peace in Mexico’s 32 states from 2003-2014. The research, conducted by the Institute for Economics and Peace, is the most up-to-date analysis of data on homicides, violent crime, weapons crime, incarceration, police funding, efficiency of the justice system and the level of organised crime.

Contributions from the following experts provide a deeper insight into these issues and highlight concrete examples of changes to peace and conflict. These essays are currently only available in Spanish. A summary of the key points can be found below, and you can download them here: Mexico Peace Index Expert Contributions.

The Crime System and the Peace Index in Mexico

Guillermo Zepeda Lecuona, Director, Jurimetria

In 2008 the Mexican government implemented a set of judicial reforms with the aim to increase efficiency of the judicial system.  Concerns over judicial corruption,  unfair processes for both the victims and defendant, high rates of impunity as well as overcrowded prisons were central to the reform efforts.  This contribution from Gulliermo Zepeda Lecuona, an expert in the field of Mexico’s judicial system and reforms provides insight into the success and scale of the implimentation process.  The essay highlights that the states which have currently implemented the new judicial reforms have seen improvements across a wide range of areas which are showing positive results. Specifically, reductions in preventative detention, the implementation of alternative dispute resolution and the duration of the criminal proceedings have been drastically reduced. As according to the MPI the situation of peace has been improving since 2011, the judicial reforms may be contributing to the improvement of the institutions needed to develop peace within Mexico.


Temporary Peace in Mexico?

María Elena Morera, Presidenta, Causa En Común

This essay from Maria Elena Morera, President of Cause en Comun, brings attention to the benefits the pillars of peace framework produced by IEP has for peacebuilding and strengthening the institutional frame work needed to aid a more peaceful society in Mexico. High levels of corruption have led to a lack of trust in some legal institutions and the development of self defence groups in areas such as Michoacan, which this essay argues is not the institutional answer for peace in Mexico.  The essay highlights the need to build peace through the engagement of all sectors of society to break the vicious circle of corruption and impunity that infiltrate both institutions and society itself, issues which have been highlighted by IEP.  This contribution specifically recommends the strengthening of the police institution in the following ways to develop greater public safety;  the effective implementation of the system of police development, mandated in LGSNSP(General Law of the National Public Safety System), the need to define the professional standards for the police, and monitoring proper compliance and incorporate the mechanisms of civilian oversight of policing (police ombudsman, independent police auditor, independent offices of citizen complaints, citizen review committees, etc.).


Smart Spending on Security: diagnosis and proposals

José Luis Chicoma Lúcar, Liliana Alvarado Baena and Dalia Toledo Toledo, Ethos, Laboratorio de Políticas Públicas, Department of Public Policy

In recent years federal resources to combat public insecurity have increased, however, a relative decrease in the crime rate has not been seen. This essay contribution from Ethos, department of public policy, highlights discrepancies and inefficiencies with public security expenditure, a major issue in Mexico.  While expenditure has increased 200% over the past 10 years, still only 24.5% of registered offenses resulted in a conviction.  The essay states that while some discrepancies with data methodologies over time may explain some of the crime increases due to improved collection and reporting methods, also highlighted by the MPI. The overall trends seems to indicate that the increased expenditure has not resulted in a proportional decreased level of crime, highlighting issues of public inefficiencies in expenditure.

To read these essays, download the Mexico Peace Index Expert Contributions or the full 2015 Mexico Peace Index Report

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