In the report, we identified corruption as one of the key factors that constrains economic development and peace. The analysis shows that there is a statistically significant link between peace and corruption, and observing the data over time we can see that the world is continuing to become more corrupt, and less peaceful. Key findings from the report include:
1. Corruption has a transformative impact on peace.
An increase in corruption leads to a decrease in peace, however changes to peace does not necessarily influence levels of corruption in the short term. Efforts made at tackling corruption are critically important for building sustainable peace and resilience. Corruption can act as a barrier to peace, and how it must first be overcome in order to build a more peaceful future.
2. There is a tipping point for peace and corruption.
Once a country reaches a certain level of corruption there is a tipping point at which small increases in corruption lead to large decreases in peace. In other words, corruption becomes so endemic that the likelihood of violence greatly increases. The Peace and Corruption Report has identified 64 countries that are near the tipping point.
3. Governance impacts on peace and corruption.
In assessing government types it is evident that countries with strong democratic institutions tend to be the most peaceful and the least corrupt. Countries that are near or below the tipping point tend to be flawed democracies, authoritarian or hybrid regimes.
4. Institutonal corruption and violence.
The two institutions that have the most impact on levels of peace are the police and the judiciary. These institutions underpin the rule of law in a country, high levels of corruption within them can lead to a breakdown of the legal framework, as well as formal and informal codes of conduct, leading directly to an increase in the likelihood of crime and violence.
To explore these findings in more detail, please download the Peace and Corruption Report here.
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